To undertake quality control of seeds and seedlings, afforestation, management of national seeds, forestations and operation of forestry; To guide prevention of water loss and soil erosion by biological measures such as planting trees and grasses; To guide the cultivation of various types of public welfare forests and commercial forests; To organize and direct forestry pest control, quarantine and forecast; To direct and supervise nationwide voluntary tree-planting, urban and rural greening and sectoral greening; To stipulate policies and measures in forestry sector for tackling climate change and supervise their enforcement; To perform specific tasks assigned by the National Afforestation Committee.