TOKYO, Oct. 26, Xinhua - U. N. climate chief Christiana Figueres has urged Japan to set an ambitious goal of greenhouse gas emission cuts to contribute to a new framework for combating global warming from 2020, the Kyodo news agency reported on Sunday.

"My expectation of Japanese contributions is the same as my expectation from every other country," Christiana Figueres, executive secretary of the U. N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), said in an interview with Kyodo on Saturday.

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BONN, Germany, Oct.25, Xinhua - The third round of United Nations' 2014 climate talks wrapped up in Bonn, Germany, on Saturday, reaching no concrete result and leaving heavy workload to climate conference in Lima, Peru, in December.

In the past six days, nearly 1,200 negotiators from 176 countries and organizations gathered in the city which hosts the secretariat of United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to negotiate on a new agreement addressing climate change, which was planned to be passed at the end of 2015 in Paris and come into force in 2020.

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BRUSSELS, Oct.24, Xinhua - Leaders of the European Union (EU) agreed early Friday to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 percent by 2030 on the basis of 1990 levels, as part of the EU's newly adopted 2030 climate and energy policy framework at an EU summit.

The framework also requires member states to achieve targets of at least 27 percent of renewable energy in total energy consumption by 2030, plus an increase of at least 27 percent in energy efficiency.

"It sets Europe on an ambitious yet cost-effective climate and energy path. Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of mankind. Ultimately, this is about survival," said European Council President Herman Van Rompuy.

He also said the deal would allow the EU "to bring a positive message to the international climate negotiations -- a message of commitment."

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso praised that the deal "is good for Europe's competitiveness because it keeps us on the path towards a low carbon economy and green growth", as well as "vital for our energy security."

But the targets were undeniably compromised as the European Commission initially proposed a new energy saving target of 30 percent by 2030. The 27 percent result is seen as a compromise against the backdrop of oppositions from some of the member states.

Media reports before and during the summit said that some coal-reliant member states held different views towards the framework as they were afraid that it would hurt their economies.

The framework also attached great importance to the establishment of a fully functioning and connected internal energy market. Therefore, the EU decided to take measures to ensure achieving a minimum target of 10 percent of existing electricity interconnections.

Energy security was also highlighted in the framework as the EU urgently hoped to reduce its energy dependence and increase its energy security for both electricity and gas.

Effective means recognized by the EU includes development of indigenous resources as well as safe and sustainable low carbon technologies.

The EU also agreed to establish a reliable and transparent governance system without any unnecessary administrative burden to help ensure that the EU meets its energy policy goals, with the necessary flexibility for member states and fully respecting their freedom to determine their energy mix.

VIENNA, Oct. 23, Xinhua - Climate change will lead to a sharp decline of common species of birds in Europe, ecologists attending a meeting on birdlife here warned on Thursday.

About 2.3 million breeding birds, such as the blackbirds, wrens, and chiffchaffs, could disappear in Germany alone by 2050 due to climate change, Thomas Gottschalk from the University of Applied Forest Sciences, who was here attending the BirdLife Fall Conference, told the Austria Press Agency in an interview.

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BRUSSELS, Oct. 23 (Xinhua) -- European Union (EU) leaders met on Thursday for a two-day summit on the EU's 2030 climate change targets.

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British Prime Minister David Cameron arrives at the European Council headquarters ahead of the European Union (EU) summit in Brussels, Belgium, October 23, 2014. (Xinhua/Gong Bing)

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