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Since January 1, 2009, the revised Forest Fire Prevention Ordinance has been implemented. This is the first revision of Forest Fire Prevention Ordinance since its implementation over 20 years and has milestone significance in the development of China’s forest fire prevention.

The revised Ordinance has been carried out well with the people-oriented concept and principle of controlling fire according to rules, and forest fire prevention responsibility system, various management systems and measures have been further improved, forest fire prevention organizations set up and perfected and the forest fire prevention and fighting abilities raised. 

From 2009 to 2014, on average, there were 5,622 national annual forest fires, 30, 000 hectares affected forest area, and 83 casualties, which decreased by 57.1%, 95.7% and 85.29% respectively compared to1950-2008.

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In early autumn, the afforestation zone of Xiaobazi Village and Haizigou Village in Xiaobazi Town, Fengning Manzu Autonomous County, Hebei Province, is eyeful green, and 50-60cm high robust Chinese Pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) seedlings have been planted on the slopes. This is one of Beijing- Hebei Water Resources Protection Forest Construction Cooperation Projects as well as a miniature of national ecological civilization demonstration area co-constructed by Beijing and Tianjin governments.

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Figure 5 Before returning farmlands to forests in Tiebian Town, Wuqi County, Shaanxi Province, shot in 1984.

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In 1978, China made a significant decision of building Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Development Programme from a strategic height of national development and created a precedent for China's forestry ecological development.

The project has achieved a great success since its implementation, and completed a total afforestation of 26.47 million hectares. Both forest coverage rate and forest volume in project area have been doubled. 

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China’s natural forest reaches to 1.828 billion mu, with a forest volume of 12.296 billion cubic meters, which accounts for 83% total forest volume.

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