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Starting from the 9th 5-year plan, supported by the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Forestry Administration and the Ministry of Water Resources jointly organize and executed the program of introducing advanced agricultural technologies from other countries, shortcut as “948” program. In the program of introducing advanced agricultural technologies from other countries, the State Forestry Administration mainly undertakes the introduction of forestry technologies. The implementation of “948” program has produced significant impact on China’s forestry science and technology, breaking the relatively closed environment for researches in the past, and upgrading the research quality, shortening the technical gaps between China and the developed countries. The program has put China’s forestry science and technology into a new stage of development, making great contribution to advancement of forestry technologies, training researchers and improving the contribution of forestry sciences and technologies.  

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The program focuses on key technological issues urgently needed by national economic development, highlights and pays attention to demonstration and industrialization of research results, and underlines the combination of operational practices, education and research. This program is an important one in which the State Forestry Administration mainly participates and undertakes tasks, and that is most capable of producing research achievements and training researchers. The program plays an important role in stabilizing forestry research team, training forestry researchers, upgrading forestry science and technology and providing research support to the 6 major forestry programs.

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The key science and technology program of the State Forestry Administration (shortened as “SFA key research program”) mainly arranges small projects not covered by the major research programs, these projects play an important supplementary role and include 3 categories of projects new technology development, local key scientific and technological studies, and pioneer studies of soft sciences. The projects of new technology development are aimed to address the problem of severe shortage of advanced technologies currently existing in China’s forestry sector. The local key scientific and technological studies are mainly funded by local government and enterprises, focused on addressing locally critical technologies in the implementation of the 6 major forestry programs and studying new technologies for utilizing forest resources with local features. The pioneer soft science studies are self-funded by the institutions applying for the projects, and focused on policy and theoretical issues that the 6 major forestry programs and the forestry development and reform are facing with.

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The special research program for social and public interests for national level research institutions (shortened as “Special research program for social and public interests”) mainly supports the establishment of a number of research bases for social and public interests to form a network of researches for public interests, in order to provide technical support to engagements in social sustainable development and public welfare services and to promote improvement of the capacity and standards of sustainable innovation of public welfare researches. The special research program for social and public interests is managed according to the “interim measures for fund management of the special research program for social and public interests”, and the “Guidelines for implementation of the 10th 5-year special research program for public welfare”. The Department of Planning of the Ministry of Science and Technology is responsible for project approval, organization of project implementation and management. Since the implementation of the species program, the State Forestry Administration has undertaken about 40 projects including key projects and general projects.

Forestry research programs play an important role in guiding orderly operation of forestry researches, safeguarding effective services of research results for practical forestry operations, and pushing forward the development of forestry science and technology. Forestry research programs mainly include the national priority forestry research program, the program of introducing advanced forestry technologies from other countries, the key forestry science and technology program of the State Forestry Administration, the special program for public welfare researches by national level research organizations, the program of national basic science and technology resources platform, the program of national priority basic studies, the program of national high technology development etc. The above programs are implemented and managed on a program (or project) basis.

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