Craigia yunnanensis is a second-class national key protected wild plant. Since 2014, Kunming Institute of Botany has bred more than 1,000 Craigia yunnanensis seedlings of 7 major populations in the germplasm resources garden of Kunming Botanical Garden, and set up more than 30 strains of “Protected Craigia yunnanensis Populations” in the special garden for wild plants of minimal populations, some of which have begun to blossom and bear fruit since 2017. A total of 210 strains of in-situ protected populations were constructed jointly with Management Bureau of Gulinqing Provincial Nature Reserve in Maguan County, Yunnan Province. The experiment of Craigia yunnanensis ex-situ conservation was carried out in Cao Jianzhi hill, Yunlong County, Dali Prefecture. More than 150 strains of Craigia yunnanensis seedlings were distributed to local peasant households at Jiangdong Forestry Station in cooperation with Dehong Prefecture Forestry Central Nursery, those farmers selectively planted the seedlings in idle land in the village as landscape trees for cultivation and preservation. In addition, breakthroughs have been made in Craigia yunnanensis efficient tissue culture and breeding technology, which will be used for vitro preservation and propagation of its germplasm. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)


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According to observations, the number of migratory birds now has reached more than 5,000, with more than 10 kinds of bird species, such as wild geese, Egretta garzetta, Podiceps cristatus, and Fulica atrathan, among which hagdon and Cygnus boast the largest numbers. On Juyan Lake, some migratory birds are playfully chasing each other, and some singing loudly for mates, rippling the calm surface of the Lake. Even some migratory birds have already started nesting here, ready to breed offspring.

In order to reduce the impact of human factors on the habitat of migratory birds, Juyan Lake Wetland Management Bureau and Forest Police set up a joint action team to launch a series of special campaigns on migratory bird conservation since March 27, 2017.

The campaign was mainly carried out through daily routine patrols, key investigations, household inspections, night squats and other ways. In the early stage, the action team conducted a thorough investigation on the activity patterns and distribution characteristics of the migratory birds and human activities in the surrounding areas, and strengthened the publicity on related laws and regulations over bird watching, bird protection, illegal bird trapping and hunting. They have distributed a total of 220 copies of publicity materials, dispatched vehicles 3 times and visited 4 key households of farmers and herdsmen.

The campaign has effectively raised the awareness of farmers and herdsmen to protect wild bird resources. In the next step, a regular joint prevention and coordination mechanism will be set up to timely carry out joint actions according to the characteristics of illegal and criminal acts endangering wild animal resources in the area under its jurisdiction, so as to effectively strengthen the regulation over the resources in key areas, and achieve a strong deterrence on crimes destructing wild animal and plant resources. (


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In recent years, with the increasing environmental protection efforts made by governments at all levels, the population of Capra sibirica, a rare and precious national protected animal, is now gradually expanding. The number has rebounded significantly, especially in the Tianshan Mountain areas within Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture of Xinjiang.

The survival of wild animals has been greatly affected, due to overgrazing, mining in reserves, unscientific road construction, and tourism development, illegal poaching and digging of rare plants, A Han, the staff of the management bureau of Altai Mountains Two-River Source Nature Reserve said. In recent years, grassland protection projects have been implemented in Altai area, a large number of mining enterprises have been shut down, and a striking result in the fight against poaching has been made. As a result, the number of Capra sibirica has increased significantly. ( - people. cn)


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Xingkai Lake is a border lake between China and Russia, covering a wetland area of 2,225 square kilometers, which is connected with the wetland in Russia to constitute one of the largest wetlands in the world. Wildlife resources are abundant in the wetland. There are 285 species of internationally important migratory birds, 9 species of first-class protected birds at the national level, 41 species of second-class protected birds, and hundreds of thousands of waterfowl, geese, ducks and gulls that breed here each year. In the peak time in spring, there are over 170,000 migratory birds passing here in a single day.

“The wetlands in Xingkai Lake area were greatly reclaimed and the grass was burnt between 1995 and 2000. The number of migrating birds dropped from 2.5 million to 1.2 million, nearly half of them.” says Feng Shangzhu, still having a lingering fear, “We went to everywhere to persuade people that we can not lose any more birds and we must let them live on.”

Later, with the support of the State Forestry Administration and the Forestry Department of Heilongjiang Province, the management bureau stopped over the reclamation of 20,000 ha of wetlands, which kept the two most important core areas of Northeast Bubble and the Dragon King Temple, now the main habitat and migration channel for birds.

In recent years, the management bureau of Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve of Heilongjiang Province has done a great deal of work in strengthening the protection of wetlands and birds, and conducting education on caring for the birds. The museum is used as the education base to receive about more than 300,000 visitors; mobile publicity car is regularly employed to enter villages, households, schools for legal publicity; Wetland Day, Love Birds Festival and other days are selected for carrying out publicity and education.

In addition, the region has also established a Birdbanding system for birds in Xingkai Lake. The number of the banded birds has reached 20,117, and Heilongjiang has become the largest waterfowl banding base. While the environment is improved, the effect of bird’s attraction is also prominent. Wild populations of Oriental White Stork has been increased to more than 100, which makes the Xingkai Lake become China's largest wild breeding habitat for Oriental White Stork. ( - people. cn)


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As the only state-level nature reserve in China that protects the northern tropical limestone seasonal rainforest, Nonggang Nature Reserve is one of the nature reserves in the world with the distribution of both Trachypithecus francoisi and Trachypithecus poliocephalus ssp. leucocephalus, the nature reserve with the largest number of primates, and also a biological gene pool of limestone seasonal rainforest ecosystems, including Excentrodendron hsienmu forest, Cephalomappasinensis forest, Deutzianthus tonkinensis forest in China's northern tropical areas. After more than 30 years of construction, the Nature Reserve has made remarkable achievements in protection regulation, scientific monitoring, community management and public education.

The Nature Reserve has not only established the three-level field patrol system of management bureau, protection station, and management and protection site, but also delimited the management and protection scope of the grass-roots protection stations, and formulated the employment and assessment methods of the rangers.

At present, Nonggang Nature Reserve is the teaching and research base for Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Normal University and Guangxi University, with researches covering many disciplines such as ecology, zoology and plant taxonomy, and has collected a large number of scientific monitoring data and achieved fruitful scientific results.

In order to build a harmonious community relationship, Nonggang Nature Reserve has established 2 forest conservation committees (FCCs), 6 community cooperation committees (CCCs), for coordinating with the surrounding community stakeholders to carry out community cooperation and education on environmental protection. The establishment and operation of the cooperative institutions have laid a solid foundation for the community cooperation in the reserve.

As the Nature Reserve is located in the Zhuang-inhibited regions in Southwest Guangxi, where singing folk songs is a popular custom, we employed the “folk song fair”, a peculiar culture and customs of Zhuang ethnic group, to carry out environmental awareness education in the surrounding communities, which has achieved a good publicity effect. At the same time, through such activities as entering the campus to lead the primary and secondary school students into the nature reserve and other forms of activities, combining with proposals, a letter to parents, and others, the environmental conservation concept of “Small Hands Holding Big Hands” is conveyed to the general public, that is, the small hands of children join the big hands of their parents to build up a harmonious and beautiful community environment. (Management Bureau of Nonggang National Nature Reserve of Guangxi Province)


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