The goal of the project is to conserve and sustainably manage the natural forest resources through developing and adopting new methods, to improve and enhance the living standards of the rural masses around the forest areas, to establish the advanced nature reserve management model for the enhancement of biodiversity conservation and develop the commercial plantations for solving the growing timber shortage in the country. The implementation period was from 2003 to 2008.  

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The project’s objective is in China’s central and western poor areas, through reforestation, development of forest resources to achieve poverty alleviation, strengthening of forestry’s economic strength and improve the ecological environment. The implementation of the project period 1999-2005, involving 183 counties (cities) of 12 provinces (autonomous regions) of Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan, with the total investment of 3.64 billion USD, of which the World Bank credit reached 100 million USD and the loans were 100 million USD. The project had the afforestation area of 660,000 hm2, including timber of 390 thousand hm2, bamboo of 130 thousand hm2 and economic forest of 140,000 hm2. After calculation, it’s expected to have the direct increase of the stumpage volume of 48 million m3, fruit of 5.6 million t, and make one million farmers shake off poverty after completion of the project.

The project’s objective is to cultivate and expand the forest resources, improve the timber production, ease the contradictions of timber supply and demand, and improve the level of forest operation and management. From 1990 to 1997, the project was implemented in 306 counties (cities) of 16 provinces (autonomous regions) of Hebei, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan provinces. The completion of the project had the total investment of 557 million USD (3.736 billion RMB), of which the World Bank credit reached 328 million USD, the domestic supporting fund had the equivalence of 229 million USD. After the acceptance of the project, the project had the creation of a total of intensive plantations of 1.385 million hm2 and the main species include fir, pine, exotic pine, eucalyptus, poplar and larch. It’s expected that the timber production would reach 211 million m3 when harvesting and the fuelwood production would amount to 16.96 million t. At the same time, the project also created employment opportunities for 195 million person-days.  

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The project was the emergency assistance project with credit provided of 40.6 million SDR (equivalent to 56.2 million USD at that time) by the World Bank after the large forest fires in the Great Khingan area in May, 1987. The main objectives included the development of emergency plans, harvesting and transporting the wood on fire, acceleration of forest regeneration in burned areas and construction of a modern fire monitoring system.   The implementation of the project was initiated from 1988 and to the end of 1994, the actual completed investment reached 489 million RMB, of which the World Bank credit was 55.1 million USD. The implementation of the project not only made a major contribution to harvest and transport the wood on fire, and restore the burned areas, but also has established a relatively complete set of forest fire monitoring system, which has also provided a guarantee for the forest resource security of the largest and most important state-owned forest areas in China and its meaning is profound.    

The project has two components of commodity wood base construction (A part) and research promotion (B part), which planned to use 47.8 million SDR of the World Bank credit (equivalent to 47.3 million USD at that time) for the construction of 12 commercial timber bases in the 92 state-owned forest farms in Heilongjiang, Sichuan and Guangdong provinces and the improvement of the production and living conditions. At the same time, it also strengthened the construction of Provincial Institute of Forestry in four provinces (autonomous regions) of Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan and Shaanxi, and the building of Forestry Science and Technology Promotion Centers in 10 provinces such as Fujian and Gansu.  

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