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The project’s objective is in China’s central and western poor areas, through reforestation, development of forest resources to achieve poverty alleviation, strengthening of forestry’s economic strength and improve the ecological environment. The implementation of the project period 1999-2005, involving 183 counties (cities) of 12 provinces (autonomous regions) of Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan, with the total investment of 3.64 billion USD, of which the World Bank credit reached 100 million USD and the loans were 100 million USD. The project had the afforestation area of 660,000 hm2, including timber of 390 thousand hm2, bamboo of 130 thousand hm2 and economic forest of 140,000 hm2. After calculation, it’s expected to have the direct increase of the stumpage volume of 48 million m3, fruit of 5.6 million t, and make one million farmers shake off poverty after completion of the project.

The project’s objective is to cultivate and expand the forest resources, improve the timber production, ease the contradictions of timber supply and demand, and improve the level of forest operation and management. From 1990 to 1997, the project was implemented in 306 counties (cities) of 16 provinces (autonomous regions) of Hebei, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan provinces. The completion of the project had the total investment of 557 million USD (3.736 billion RMB), of which the World Bank credit reached 328 million USD, the domestic supporting fund had the equivalence of 229 million USD. After the acceptance of the project, the project had the creation of a total of intensive plantations of 1.385 million hm2 and the main species include fir, pine, exotic pine, eucalyptus, poplar and larch. It’s expected that the timber production would reach 211 million m3 when harvesting and the fuelwood production would amount to 16.96 million t. At the same time, the project also created employment opportunities for 195 million person-days.  

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The project was the emergency assistance project with credit provided of 40.6 million SDR (equivalent to 56.2 million USD at that time) by the World Bank after the large forest fires in the Great Khingan area in May, 1987. The main objectives included the development of emergency plans, harvesting and transporting the wood on fire, acceleration of forest regeneration in burned areas and construction of a modern fire monitoring system.   The implementation of the project was initiated from 1988 and to the end of 1994, the actual completed investment reached 489 million RMB, of which the World Bank credit was 55.1 million USD. The implementation of the project not only made a major contribution to harvest and transport the wood on fire, and restore the burned areas, but also has established a relatively complete set of forest fire monitoring system, which has also provided a guarantee for the forest resource security of the largest and most important state-owned forest areas in China and its meaning is profound.    

The project has two components of commodity wood base construction (A part) and research promotion (B part), which planned to use 47.8 million SDR of the World Bank credit (equivalent to 47.3 million USD at that time) for the construction of 12 commercial timber bases in the 92 state-owned forest farms in Heilongjiang, Sichuan and Guangdong provinces and the improvement of the production and living conditions. At the same time, it also strengthened the construction of Provincial Institute of Forestry in four provinces (autonomous regions) of Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan and Shaanxi, and the building of Forestry Science and Technology Promotion Centers in 10 provinces such as Fujian and Gansu.  

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(a) Intensive and Multi-functional Protection Forest Plantation Project The project implementation period was from 1995 to 2001 and the project area covered 313 counties of the 17 provinces (autonomous autonomous regions and municipalities) of Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou and Yunnan provinces. The total investment was 333 million USD, of which the World Bank loan amounted to 200 million USD. Afforestation area was 1.031 million hm2, including intensive plantations of 749 thousand hm2 and multi-function shelter of 28.2 hm2. After the completion of the project, it’s predicted that the cumulative output would include the timber volume of 106.31 million m3, fuelwood of 15.32 million t, tapping of 200 million kg, various kinds of fruit of 2 billion kg, bamboo and leaves of 6.298 million t, and a portion of forest products.   (b) China Nature Reserves Management Project The project is a "bundled" project to the forest resource development and conservation project, whose objective is to strengthen the nature reserve of biological diversity conservation through an innovative organization and management, program development, skills development, information dissemination and community participation. The project implementation period was from 1995 to 2001, involving 11 nature reserves of 5 provinces of Yunnan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Shaanxi and Hubei, with the total investment of 23.6 million USD, of which the Global Environment Facility grant was 17.9 million USD. The implementation of the project has played a positive role on strengthening the construction of China\’s nature reserves and improving the level of nature reserve management.  

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