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HUNAN, Mar.13, Xinhua - Without chemical pesticides, forestry scientists in the rearing center curb local forest pests by their natural enemies such as Dastarcus helophoroides, trichogramma and ladybird beetles. Those natural enemies could destroy pests of 200 species, according to a researcher of the center.

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A researcher release ladybird beetles to a quarantine crop greenhouse to help them adapt to new surroundings in the pest natural enemy rearing center under Hunan Academy of Forestry in Changsha, capital of central China's Hunan Province, March 11, 2015. (Xinhua/Bai Yu)

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BEIJING, June 16 – May 3 marked the 30th anniversary of the forest public security bureau under the State Forestry Administration. In the past 30 years, the forest public security forces across the country investigated more than 4 million cases of illegal activities involving forest and wildlife and punished 6.673 million criminals, and the value of these cases amounted to 67.27 billion yuan.

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1.Forest public security

Forest public security is an important armed force to protect forest and wildlife and plants resources and ecological safety, to ensure social order in the forest zones, and concurrently shoulder the functions of criminal and administrative law enforcement. It was founded in 1948. In May 1984, upon approval by the State Council, forest public security was officially incorporated into the rank of the state public security organ. The Ministry of Forestry has the public security bureau, which was on the rank of the Ministry of Public Security and was called the No 16 bureau of the Ministry of Public Security. Local forest public security was on the rank of local public security organs, and was under the dual leadership from the competent forestry authorities and public security organs. In 1998, the newly amended Forestry Law states that the forest public security is responsible for maintaining social order, protecting forest resources, and upon authorization by competent forestry authorities under the State Council, exercising the power of administrative punishment in relation to forestry. In 1998, the State Forestry Administration issued an order, officially authorizing the forest public security to exercise the power of administrative punishment in relation to forestry. In the same year, amid the institutional reforms of the State Council, the Forestry Public Security Bureau of the Ministry of Forestry and Forest Fire Prevention Office were merged, and it was renamed as the Forest Public Security Bureau of the State Forestry Administration. In 2003, the State Forestry Administration and the Ministry of Public Security jointly issued an order on strengthening the construction of forest public security forces. The order further clarified the roles of forest public security, reiterated the dual leadership system for the forest public security, and made arrangements for strengthening the construction of forest public security forces. This marked a new and important era for the development of forest public security forces.

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Forest fire is one of the world’s most severe natural disasters and public emergencies, with the characteristics of abruptness, rapid spread, difficult to control and highly disastrous. According to the statistics, the average number of annual forest fires in China from 1950-2004 was 13,253, the annual average forest area being affected was 679,000 ha and the annual number of injuries and deaths caused by forest fires was 606 (including 92 deaths and 514 injuries. The "5.6" major disaster of forest fires occurred in 1987 was a turning point, during the period of 17 years (1988 to 2004) after the point forest fire occurred on average 7,264 times annually, with 81,000 ha of damaged forest, 209 deaths and injuries, decreased by 54.4%, 91.4% and 73.5% respectively compared to the period of 38 years (1950 to 1987) before the point (Table 9-2). Impacted by the atmospheric circulation and monsoon climate, the fire risk period in China\’s northern and southern regions is different. Forest fire prevention period in northeast and Inner Mongolia forest regions ranges from mid-March to mid-June in spring, with the critical period from April to May; forest fire risk period in autumn starts from mid-September and ends in mid-November, with a highly risky period in October. The fire risk period in south and southwest forest regions is from mid-November to the end of May next year, with February to April as a critical period. Northwest forest regions (mainly in Xinjiang Province) have the fire risk period of April to October, a critical period from July to September. In the special case of particularly drought climate, forest fires also occur in the summer, and the loss would be even more serious.

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1. Special crackdown campaigns. In the past 10 years, forest public security forces, in cooperation with the customs, industry and commerce, land resources and civil aviation departments, organized more than 20 special crackdown campaigns to protect the forest ecological safety and social order in the forest zones and to guarantee the healthy and fast development of forestry. The campaigns, including the Spring Thunder, Green Shield, Flying Eagle and Sword, were launched to crack down on and put an end to forest-related criminal activities, including illegal and random felling, illegal and random collection of wild plants, illegal poaching and killing of wildlife and illegal acquisitions of forest land. Through continuous crackdowns and enhanced protection, China’s forest resources maintained a fast, sustainable growth, forest land was effectively protected, a batch of endangered wildlife and plant resources began to grow, and the ecological safety turned for the better.

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