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Baijitan is located in Lingwu, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. In the 50s of last century, Mu Us Desert invaded all the way to south, but now the nature reserve is luxuriantly green with grass and trees, thus forming a green Great Wall.

In the Baijitan, the sand within the straw checkerboard sand is covered with vegetation, and desertification control is carried forward plot by plot divided by the straw checkerboard. The sand prevention and control and economic development model concluded as “Six in One” (the peripheral sand stabilized by shrub forests, the surrounding trees and shrubs, the interior the cash fruit forest, aquaculture industry, pasture planting, and desert tourism) has achieved simultaneous development of desertification control and community prosperity, created a successful example for transforming and utilizing the desert and developing a recycling economy. The model was identified by the State Council as a key promotion model for advancing Ningxia's economic development.

Baijitan’s experience has gained the attention and universal recognition of international community. The nature reserve has been rated as “National Advanced Collective of Desertification Prevention and Control”, “National Ecological Civilization Education Base”, “Outstanding Contribution Advanced Unit of Land Greening” and so on. Baijitan Sand Prevention and Control Museum is the only one of its kind in China. (Ningxia News Network)

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Located on the edge of Tengri Desert and Badain Jaran Desert, Wuwei is in the core area of the national ecological safety barrier to be built.

Wuwei has established and improved the sand pressing mechanism with professional teams. The city welcomed the participation of enterprises in desertification control, and encouraged RongHua, XinMiao and other big enterprises to treat the desert, develop sand industry and promote poverty alleviation and development. The desertification control equipments of Gansu Construction and Investment Group were introduced to carry out the experimental demonstration of mechanical sand pressing technology of multi-functional sand stabilization machinery.

Wuwei has innovated its sand industry development model, to vigorously develop the desert-featured breeding, fruit and medicinal materials planting, and to establish modern sand industry development model combining with compound management, ecological economy and resettlement of local residents, so that desertification control and industrial cultivation can be jointly promoted and developed, and the peasants’ income can be increased. Wuwei, has promoted the development of the new-type sand industry enterprises with investments of enterprises, large-scale farming, and intensive management approach, and has established a number of modern agricultural demonstration areas along the desert.

Through the persistent efforts in sand prevention and control and the development of the new sand industry, the increasing ecological environment deterioration trend that has long existed in Wuwei has been curbed on the whole, and the quality of the environment is also continuously improving. First, the degree of desertification has been reduced from extremely severe to the moderate and mild degree, and the coverage of vegetation in key areas has been significantly increased. Second, the number of sandstorms has been decreased significantly. Third, the key task of combating desertification in the Shiyang River Basin has been fully completed. (Forestry.gov.cn - Gansu Daily)

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On the Khorchin sand, the biggest sand in China, wind and sand prevention and control workers began to get busy in the early spring every year.

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Inner Mongolia prairie is known as the green barrier of northern China, maintaining the ecological lifeline of North China, Northeast China and even the whole country. On the front of the protracted battle for the ecological protection and security, there is a team of active eco-pioneers known as the “Red Boy's Death Squad”. They are Inner Mongolia forest corps of armed police.

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The desert is divided into several parts by roads and each part is managed individually, as the tactic in Master Sun's Art of War says, “Divide and Rule”. Grasses and trees are planted on each side of the roads. The crisscrossing roads have formed a net on Kubuqi Desert. In 1999, Elion Resources Group, a chemical factory at that time, led the construction of the first sand-crossing road, opening the prelude to large-scale desertification prevention and control. At present, the road net greatly facilitates the travelling on the desert.

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