Budorcas taxicolor is evaluated as the first-class national protected wild animals in China, and Vulnerable on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES. The species is mainly distributed in northern Myanmar, and Nujiang and Baoshan areas of Gaoligong Mountain. According to the latest survey results, there distributed 12 Budorcas taxicolor populations in Dulongjiang of Gongshan, with a number of 400-450 individuals, and 30 individuals were monitored in Pihe Township of Fugong County. Dulongjiang of Gongshan is the most concentrated distribution area of Budorcas taxicolor.

At present, the distribution range of Budorcas taxicolor decreases constantly and their habitat is seriously threatened. Habitat deterioration is an important reason for the dwindling number of Budorcas taxicolor population. In order to effectively protect this species, the Gongshan Management and Protection Bureau of Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve has continuously strengthened its publicity and protection efforts. The knowledge related to the protection level and endangered status of Budorcas taxicolor was promoted through various forms, the LOGO for Rescue Budorcas taxicolor Protection Activity designed, and a number of Budorcas taxicolor promotional ceramic cups, posters, leaflets, and calendars produced to convey to the public the characteristics, habitat, feeding habits, the importance of conservation and status of the Budorcas taxicolor species at all levels and in all aspects. With these Budorcas taxicolor emergency protection campaigns, the knowledge on Budorcas taxicolor of the public, especially the ethnic minorities in the Dulongjiang area has been enhanced, and their awareness of the importance and necessity for Budorcas taxicolor conservation raised, so that the local people can be fully aware of the importance and significance of protecting this species and its habitat. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)

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The Dulonghe watershed is the only place with the distribution of the Trachypithecus pileatus in China. However, Dulonghe is located in the poverty-stricken minority-inhibited areas near the frontier where it is inconvenient for access and information, thus the flagship species of Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve, Trachypithecus pileatus, has not been known by the public. In recent years, the Gongshan Management and Protection Bureau of the Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve concentrated on publicizing emergency protection of Trachypithecus pileatus, to strengthen and enhance the understanding and knowledge of Trachypithecus pileatus of the public, especially the local ethnic minorities in Dulonghe, and to raise their awareness of the importance and necessity of Trachypithecus pileatus protection, so that local people can fully understand the importance and significance of protecting the species and their habitats, and strove to promote the economic development of the local people and effective biodiversity protection through the Trachypithecus pileatus conservation. In the series of publicity and education campaigns focusing on Trachypithecus pileatus protection in Gongshan County, especially in the Dulongjiang watershed, LOGO for the Rescue Trachypithecus pileatus Protection Activity was designed, 5000 copies of posters, 5000 calendars and 2000 brochures made, and 300 crystal pedestal of Trachypithecus pileatus produced.

With these efforts, the public’s knowledge of Trachypithecus pileatus has been continuously improved, and they gradually began to understand the importance and significance of Trachypithecus pileatus protection. Many hunters and poachers of the past have also joined the Trachypithecus pileatus protection team. Through publicity, Trachypithecus pileatus has become an ecological card for Gongshan. In Dulongjiang, Trachypithecus pileatus is known by one and all, so that the public can consciously support and participate in the conservation of Trachypithecus pileatus. In the future, the bureau will continue to step up publicity and protection and strive for more support to gradually resolve the contradictions between the conservation of Trachypithecus pileatus and the development of the local people. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)


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Rhinopithecus strykeriis is a member of primates, Cercopithecidae, Colobinae and Rhinopithecus. It not only has upturned nostrils as the other snub-nosed monkeys do, but also the unique hair colors, all black except the ears, the mandibular beard and the perineum that are covered with white hair. Geissmann first reported the existence of this species in 2010 when it was believed that the species was located only on the eastern side of the upper Maw Rive in northeastern Kachin state, Myanmar, with a population size estimated to be 260~330 individuals. Its population is estimated to decrease rapidly, thus it is recognized as critically endangered by the IUCN. However, due to the location that the R. strykeri population was discovered is not far from the China-Myanmar border, the possibility of other populations may exist in China has drawn much attention. In 2011, Liu Pu, a forest guard at Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve (GNNR), found and took photos of a group of snub-nosed monkeys in Mapo Township of Lushui County, which were later identified by Long Yongcheng as R. strykery. The primate group was then named “Rhinopithecus strykeriis”, according to the convention of naming the animal after the place it was found. After the discovery of Rhinopithecus strykeriis, the Reserve took emergency actions on its protection and research. During 2012-2013, the Nujiang Management Bureau, the Lushui Management and Protection Bureau of the Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve and the Institute of Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Research of Dali University jointly investigated the Rhinopithecus strykeriis distribution and population status in China and the Rhinopithecus strykeriis distribution was preliminarily mastered. In order to confirm that besides Mapo Township of Nujiang Prefecture (western slope), there also distributed Rhinopithecus strykeriis on the eastern slope of Mountain Gaoligong, Lushui Management and Protection Bureau of Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve conducted a field survey in Luoma on the eastern slope, the southern bank of Tingming River and other places within Lushui Country border from the year of 2015 to 2016. The one-year field survey found that Rhinopithecus strykeriis had a larger number and broader range, and was more susceptible to human disturbance. From 2013 to 2016, two adult Rhinopithecus strykeriis were saved owing to extensive publicity. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct the field work to further strengthen researches on Rhinopithecus strykeriis feeding habits to optimize the food recipe for the caged Rhinopithecus strykeriis, providing scientific support for effective in situ and ex-situ conservation. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)


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Lophophorus sclateri is a member of the genus Lophophorusa, the order Galliformes, with Tibet subspecies and Dianxi subspecies, and it is mainly distributed in southeastern Tibet, northern and northwest Yunnan Province. The species is mainly inhabited on alpine and sub-alpine forests, azaleas bamboo shrubs and alpine meadows at altitudes of 2,500 to 4,200 meters, thus it is a typical alpine pheasant. Due to small population size and limited range, Lophophorus sclateri is listed as the first-class protected animals in China, and evaluated as Vulnerable on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and one of the 20 preferentially protected wild species with minimal population. In 2011, a joint field investigation conducted by Lushui Management and Protection Bureau, Southwest Forestry University and Yunnan Wild Bird Society found that Lophophorus sclateri had a new distribution point in the Lushui County territory of Gaoligong Mountain with a good population. The clear pictures of Lophophorus sclateri of the Yunnan subspecies in the wild were shot for the first time. From 2014 to 2015, under the support of Yunnan Provincial Forestry Department, Lushui Management and Protection Bureau and Southwest Forestry University jointly explored the establishment of in-situ conservation system of Lophophorus sclateri, and completed setting up the fixed patrol route, training of the inspectors, survey on wild population and the construction of houses for the field research, which has achieved good results. Three areas within the jurisdictional area under Lushui Management and Protection Bureau (Jinman in the north, Tingming Lake in the middle and Mayakou in the south) were sampled for monitoring the population in the wild with infrared cameras. 20 infrared cameras were used in each sample area, covering an area of 20 hectares. A large number of Lophophorus sclateri photos have been shot in the Jinman area. In addition, 20 species of beasts and 39 species of birds under the alpine habitat were also filmed in the 3 sample areas, which have provided valuable image data for scientific research and conservation in the reserve. After a long period of field investigation, it has been found that Lophophorus sclateri is distributed in all the high-mountain areas within the precinct of Lushui Management and Protection Bureau of the Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve, with the population increasing from the southern sector to the northern sector. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)


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In 1996, Yunnan Province took the lead in exploring to build protection areas in the form of national parks. In 2006, the area of the nature reserve was expanded to 60,200 hectares from 14,100 hectares, for the construction of Pudacuo National Park, thus initiating the exploration in national park management mode. In 2008, according to the requirements of the State Forestry Administration, Yunnan Province steadily pushed forward the pilot project of national parks, strictly abiding by the steps of “research-piloting-planning-standardization-legislation-promotion”. In 2015, Pudacuo was listed as a national park system pilot. Through pilot projects, the province has found out zoning management system of ecological conservation areas, recreation and exhibition areas and traditional utilization areas, which has given play to the five major functions of national parks in protection, scientific research, popular scientific education, recreation and exhibition and community development, and made great achievements in the exploration of sustainable development, particularly in the mechanism of the participation of traditional communities in the protection and development and the community feedback mechanism. Taking Luorong Village as an example, the average income of each household has increased by 80,000 yuan to 100,000 yuan through the measures such as tourism feedback, community support for industrial development, employment in priority and education incentives, setting up a good example in better coping with the relationship between natural resources protection and community development. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)


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