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The Chenhu Wetlands Nature Reserve, a provincial-level reserve in the southwestern part of Caidian district of Wuhan, is located at the delta region where the Hanjiang River flows into the Yangtze River. Geographical coordinates of this reserve: from 113°44′07˝ to 113°55′39˝ east longitude, and from 30°15′10˝ to 30°24′44˝ north latitude. Total area of the reserve is 11,579.1 hectares, including 5,866.67 hectares of the core zone, 1,266.67 hectares of the buffer zone and 4,466.67 hectares of the experimental zone. The reserve is the largest freshwater wetlands and marsh on the Hangjiang-Yangtze plain, is a wetland ecosystem formed by shallow lakes and marshes, and is also one of the wetlands where a large number precious migratory waterfowl spend the winter. With rich biodiversity, experts have named it the “DNA bank of wetland waterfowl”. In 2002, the reserve was included in the National Plan for Wetland Protection (2002-2030). In 2011, it was included in the National Plan for the Implementation of Wetland Protection (2011-2015). In August 2006, it was upgraded to a provincial-level wetland protection region upon approval by the provincial government, and in October 2013, the reserve was put on the catalog of wetlands of international importance by the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat.  

The Chenhu Wetlands Nature Reserve

Source: the website of the Chenhu Wetland Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau www.hbchsd.com.cn

The reserve has rich species of wild animals and plants. Statistics show that there are 65 species of phytoplankton, 315 kinds of vascular plants, 73 species of zoobenthos, 55 species of fish, 10 kinds of amphibians, 28 kinds of reptiles and 26 species of beasts in the reserve. The reserve has 153 kinds of birds, of which 26 species are under state key protection, including 8 under Grade 1 state protection and 18 under Grade II state protection. The BirdLife International listed the Chenhu wetland as one of the five major bird habitats, the only one in Hubei province, in 2003, and in 2009, the reserve was listed as a bird habitat of international importance. Key protection tasks for the reserve: the typical wetland ecosystem, and precious and endangered wildlife resources and their habitat.

The development goals of the nature reserve: appropriately handle the contradiction between wetland protection and agricultural development and implement the master plan for the nature reserve; strengthen infrastructure construction, improve biodiversity and maintain the balance of wetland ecosystem; implement the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat and carry out international cooperation to promote the sustainable development of the wetland reserve; and appropriately handle the relationship between protection and utilization, rationally develop and utilize wetland resources, develop the wetland-oriented eco-tourism and promote the coordinated development of the local economy and wetland protection.

Source: the website of the Chenhu Wetland Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau www.hbchsd.com.cn

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