Jing’an County, located in northwestern Jiangxi Province, is one of the important forest counties in South China. The country has a land area of 1,377.49 square kilometers, including 1,170 square kilometers of forest land, which accounts for 85% of the total land in the county. Per capita forest area is 0.83 hectare. The living wood growing stock of the county is 6.268 million cubic meters and its living bamboo growing stock is 36.189 million pieces of bamboo. The forest coverage rate is 82.8%, ranking among the top in the province. Within the administrative area of the county, there are rich wild flora and fauna resources, including more than 3,000 species of flora and about 300 species of wildlife. Of the plant species, more than 150 are precious and rare plant species and 27 species are under Grade I and Grade II national protection. And of about 300 species of wildlife, 31 species are under Grade I and Grade II national protection.
Jing’an County has mapped out a sustainable development strategy focusing on ecology, industry, tourism, forests and fruits. On the ecological and industrial fronts, the county, in consideration of its actual situation, broke the constraints of traditional forestry and embarked on a road of sustainable growth by focusing on forest ecological construction, taking the forest industrialization as the pillar, speeding up the development of cultivation, fruit, industry and tourism and exploring a new mechanism for forestry industry and commodities markets. With the implementation of the strategy, forest resources increased, industrial development gathered momentum, industrial scale was expanded, and the output value, profits and taxes also increased. More important, people’s income rose significantly, and the image of the forest county was greatly improved and elevated.
Forest ecological construction:
In the strategy to develop forest resources, the county gives priority to the cultivation and protection of forest resources. First, it implements strict control over tree-felling quotas. The county voluntarily reduced the tree-felling quotas and no excess felling was allowed. To effectively implement the quota system, the county carried out reforms in cooking methods by abandoning firewood and developing and using biogas. In the rural areas, 6,800 biogas facilities were constructed, and 99% of urban residents began to use gas for cooking. Under the reforms, 95% of rural families abandoned the method of cooking with firewood and began to use biogas, and in the rural areas, the rate was as high as 99%. This meant that more than 100,000 cubic meters of wood could be saved each year. Second, the county vigorously implemented control and management over forest resources. The county government issued the forest management rules. All forest resources management departments and law enforcement authorities well performed their duties and functions by changing the focus of their work from imposing fines to exercising supervision before possible occurrence of any illegal forest-related activities. The forest management rules prohibit felling of natural broad-leaf trees in the forest tourism zones and along highways. Third, the county strengthened management of timber processing enterprises. For timber processing enterprises, if the added processing value was lower than 1,200 yuan per cubic meter, or for bamboo processing enterprises, if the added processing value was lower than 50 yuan per bamboo, they would be closed unconditionally. The government closed a total of 120 low-end and low-output forest and bamboo processing enterprises, and in 2006 alone, 21 processing enterprises were closed. And fourth, the county strengthened the system construction to prevent excess felling, forest insects and diseases and forest fires. By strengthening the leadership, setting up and improving various contingency plans, enhancing the law enforcement team building and conducting publicity and educational activities, all social sectors and special teams were mobilized to improve and guarantee social order in the forest zones and the safety of forest resources.
According to a forest resources survey in 2004, the county’s forest resources increased in the following six aspects: The forest coverage rate increased to 82.2% from 79.7% in 1999, or an increase of three percentage points; the land area for forestry production increased to 117,120 hectares from 113,853 hectares, a rise of 3,267 hectares; the forest acreage increased to 107,487 hectares from 101,827 hectares, a rise of 5,660 hectares; the living wood growing stock increased to 6.268 million cubic meters from 4.987 million cubic meters, an increase of 1.281 million cubic meters; The living bamboo growing stock increased to 36.189 million pieces of bamboo from 32.773 million, a rise of 416,000 bamboo; and the bamboo and broad-leaf mixed forest acreage increased to 43,827 hectares from 12,493 hectares, an increase of 31,334 hectares. In the span of several years, the county’s forest resources increased significantly, forest structure was remarkably improved, a the quality of forests was also elevated.
In March 1993, the Sanzhaolun National Forest Park in Jing’an County was approved by the Ministry of Forestry, and in 1994, it was upgraded to one of the 20 national experimental forest parks. Recently, the Sanzhaolun National Forest Park passed the evaluation to be upgraded to be an AAAA-level national tourism zone. Forest industry: The abundant forest resources have led to the birth and growth of a batch of wood and bamboo deep-processing enterprises. At present, more than 160 of such enterprises have established their fame, with their products such as gardening, handcrafts, toys and plywood boards being exported to countries and regions such as Europe, the United States, Japan, South Korea and the Southeast Asian countries. Their annual processing capacity is more than 50,000 cubic meters of timber and more than 2 million pieces of bamboo. The county has become a production and exporting base of wooden gardening products in Jiangxi province. In 2006, the foreign exchange earnings of the county amounted to $13.08 million.