Xiaolongshan Forestry Experimental Bureau

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The forestry experimental bureau aims at protecting natural forest resources, enhancing the environmental functions of forests, improving the management and assessment models of natural forests and achieving sustainable social and economic development in the forest zone. The bureau mainly engages in the cultivation of forests and forest resources, attaches great to the expansion of afforested areas, implements overall protection of forest resources and helps promote forest ecosystem construction. The bureau applies a model of categorized management system guided by science and technology and through combining research and forest cultivation. The bureau explores ways to improve forest quality and to increase forest resources and forest coverage rate, and explores roads for the development of State-owned forest farms while improving the ecological system. It is responsible for the planning and design of forest resources in the region and the prevention and control of forest diseases and pests. It performs of the functions of managing and protecting the forest land and forest resources, and flora and fauna resources in the zone, as well as performs the functions of preventing and fighting forest fires.

The Xiaolongshan Forest Park is located in the administrative regions of Tianshui and Longnan in Gansu province and is under the management of the Xiaolongshan Forestry Experimental Bureau. The park is situated in the Qinling Mountain and saddles on the watershed of the river systems of the Yangtze and the Yellow. The area of the park is 19,670 hectares, with an average elevation of 1,600 meters above the sea level and the highest peak at 2,686 meters. The park consists of six scenic zones – the Biyu, Jinlongshan, Taohuagou, Heihe, Baihua and Houxia. It was approved to a provincial-level forest park in 2001 and 2002.

The park, located at a transitional zone from the temperate zone to the warm temperate zone, enjoys mild and humid climate, and has unique geological structure and splendid scenes – primitive vegetation, strange-shaped rocks, clean and crystal water and rich species of plants. The park is home to more than 800 species of woody plants, 1,986 species of herbs and more than 30 species of rare and precious trees, including 15 species under Grade I and Grade II national protection. The park is also home to 14 species of wildlife under Grade I national protection and 46 species of animals under Grade II national protection. Within the park, there are also domesticated wildlife such as musk, muntjac, deer, sika deer, boar and golden pheasants.

The Xiaolongshan Forest Park enjoys convenient rail and road transport both inside and outside the park. rail and road transport . The Tianshui-Baoji and Baoji-Chengdu railways run through the park. The Huajialing-Shuangshipu highway, the state highways No 310 and 316 also run through the forest park. Within the park, there is 180 kilometers of roads linking up all scenic sites, providing visitors fast and convenient transport services. The Tianshui-Baoji expressway, now under construction, will also go through the park. The park has entrances the Longmen and Taohuagou scenic zones for the convenience of visitors.


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