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NINGXIA, August 8, China daily -- Ningxia Haba Lake Ecotourism Area in Ningxia Hui autonomous region, which has rich animal and plant resources and natural landscape resources, is known as a natural “biological gene pool” in the western desert of China.

 Forest science_and_education-_8.8_Biological_gene_pool_offers_rich_natural_resources_in_western_desert

The Haba Lake Ecotourism Area in Northwest China’s Ningxia Hui autonomous region is known as a natural “biological gene pool” in the western desert of China. [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

It is at the edge of the Mu Us Desert and the source of a large quicksand belt in the middle of Yanchi county, Wuzhong in Ningxia.

In the past, it was an area threatened by endless sand, described as “when the wind blows the sand, you can’t see anything, even your own feet”.

Based on national key ecological forestry projects like the shelterbelt construction program in North, Northeast and Northwest China, returning farmland to forests and grasslands, and natural forest protection, Yanchi has been persistently promoting the prevention and control of desertification.

From a tree to a forest, from non-grazing land to dense forests and rich grasslands, with the arduous efforts of two generations of forestry workers, the 50 square kilometers of desert have been transformed into a desert oasis with a beautiful forest landscape.
Forests of sand willows and dry land willows wave in the wind in the sand land and sand dune.

At present, the Haba Lake National Nature Reserve, which covers an area of 840 sq km, is green everywhere, with lush forests and grass.

What is more valuable is that a considerable and rare area of natural Wuliu (salix cheilophila) and Yangchai (hedysarum mongolicum) forests have been preserved in the south margin of the Mu Us Desert, becoming a unique plant community.

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