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Lophophorus sclateri is a member of the genus Lophophorusa, the order Galliformes, with Tibet subspecies and Dianxi subspecies, and it is mainly distributed in southeastern Tibet, northern and northwest Yunnan Province. The species is mainly inhabited on alpine and sub-alpine forests, azaleas bamboo shrubs and alpine meadows at altitudes of 2,500 to 4,200 meters, thus it is a typical alpine pheasant. Due to small population size and limited range, Lophophorus sclateri is listed as the first-class protected animals in China, and evaluated as Vulnerable on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and one of the 20 preferentially protected wild species with minimal population. In 2011, a joint field investigation conducted by Lushui Management and Protection Bureau, Southwest Forestry University and Yunnan Wild Bird Society found that Lophophorus sclateri had a new distribution point in the Lushui County territory of Gaoligong Mountain with a good population. The clear pictures of Lophophorus sclateri of the Yunnan subspecies in the wild were shot for the first time. From 2014 to 2015, under the support of Yunnan Provincial Forestry Department, Lushui Management and Protection Bureau and Southwest Forestry University jointly explored the establishment of in-situ conservation system of Lophophorus sclateri, and completed setting up the fixed patrol route, training of the inspectors, survey on wild population and the construction of houses for the field research, which has achieved good results. Three areas within the jurisdictional area under Lushui Management and Protection Bureau (Jinman in the north, Tingming Lake in the middle and Mayakou in the south) were sampled for monitoring the population in the wild with infrared cameras. 20 infrared cameras were used in each sample area, covering an area of 20 hectares. A large number of Lophophorus sclateri photos have been shot in the Jinman area. In addition, 20 species of beasts and 39 species of birds under the alpine habitat were also filmed in the 3 sample areas, which have provided valuable image data for scientific research and conservation in the reserve. After a long period of field investigation, it has been found that Lophophorus sclateri is distributed in all the high-mountain areas within the precinct of Lushui Management and Protection Bureau of the Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve, with the population increasing from the southern sector to the northern sector. (Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration)

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