In 1978, China made a significant decision of building Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Development Programme from a strategic height of national development and created a precedent for China's forestry ecological development.

The project has achieved a great success since its implementation, and completed a total afforestation of 26.47 million hectares. Both forest coverage rate and forest volume in project area have been doubled. 

The latest observation result of China Meteorological Administration shows that the ecological deterioration in three northern regions has been initially curbed and the ecological conditions of the key management areas have been obviously improved.

Over time, plantations and shelterbelt created early in Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Development Programme are entering into mature and overripe stages. For this, the phase Ⅴ of Three-North Shelterbelt Development Programme lists the improvement of degraded forests as one of key focuses, pertinently studies policies, measures and method for restoring degraded forests, and designedly promotes restoration of degraded forests. In 2015, the Ministry of Finance and the State Forestry Administration carried out a pilot restoration of degraded forests in 50 counties of 9 provinces in Three-North project regions; the State Forestry Administration released Guide to Degraded Shelterbelt Restoration.

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Figure 2 Farmland Shelterbelt of Wenshui County in Shanxi Province

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Figure 3 Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Development Programme in Qipanshan of Ping Lu District, Shuozhou City, Shanxi Province 

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Figure 4 Water Conservation Forest Project in Yongheguan, Yonghe County of Shanxi Province