Hubei Province implemented the system of Lake/River Head –in-charge to strengthen the protection and restoration of key wetlands. During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, the province vigorously carried out the construction of key projects such as the protection of natural forests, the closing of forests for afforestation and the project of returning farmland to forests. Focusing on the ecological protection in key areas such as the Yangtze River and the Han River, prevention and governance work on algae blooms and alien species in wetlands were carried out; Xintan National Wetland Park of Honghu, Hanjiang River Wanyangzhou National Wetland Park of Yicheng, Qingjiangyuan National Wetland Park of Changyang and others were established in the main streams of the Yangtze River, Han River and other major rivers, to rescue and protect water bodies in major river sections; and interception and pollution control were vigorously carried out through such measures as returning farmland, retiring fishing grounds, restoring wetland plants and building up artificial wetlands.

At present, Hubei Province has established 3 International Important Wetlands, 5 National Wetland Nature Reserves, 11 Nature Reserves at provincial level, 8 at municipal and county levels and 27 Wetland Protection Plots. The number of international and national important wetlands ranks the first in central China, and the number of national wetland parks ranks the third in China. ( - Hubei Daily)


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In view of the lagged-behind science popularization on wetlands and the confusion of wetland signs in Qinghai, Qinghai Province not only formulated the Standardization of Important Signs of Wetlands of Qinghai Province, but also drafted and compiled the Technical Specifications for the Identification of the Provincial Important Wetlands in Qinghai Province in 2014. In 2016, six systems were drafted guided by the Wetland Protection Ordinance of Qinghai Province. Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve is the core conservation area of the important wetlands, biological resources and ecological environment in the Sanjiangyuan Region. After more than ten years of protection, especially since the implementation of the Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve ecological protection and construction project, the wetlands, such as rivers, lakes, glaciers and swamps, have received effective protection and restoration through artificial precipitation enhancement, wetland protection, returning farmland to forest, closing hillsides for afforestation, forest fire prevention, desertification control and wildlife protection and other construction projects.

The province's wetland protection and management capabilities have been significantly improved after Qinghai Provincial Forestry Department set up nature reserve and wetland parks. ( - Qinghai Daily)


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The pilot wetland ecological benefit compensation undertaken by Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve has not only mobilized the surrounding community to actively participate in the protection of wetlands, but also stimulated the involvement of all sectors of the society in wetland protection and restoration. In view of the ecological function degradation, environmental pollution, water quality decline in Chaohu Lake and the illegal hunting of waterfowls and other problems faced by the wetland along the Yangtze River, the measures of returning farmland to forest, lake, marsh, beach, grassland and soil and water conservation measures have been taken so as to gradually restore lake and wetland area in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in Anhui Province, improve the ecological environment of the Yangtze River wetland area, and give full play to the ecological storage function of the wetland. A protection and rational utilization model of wetland has been established in the lake area to ensure the sustainable development of wetland resources, environment and economy. Pollution prevention and control of the ecological environment have been conducted with serious water pollution, thus the quality of the ecological environment is gradually restored.

Anhui Province is one of the provinces with abundant wetland resources in China, with a variety of types and unique features, where wetland ecological status is extremely important and the wetland conservation system with wetland nature reserve as the main body has been primarily established. ( - Anhui Daily)


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Hanfeng Lake conducted the landscape dike-pond engineering model in the urban hydro-fluctuation belts. In the areas 172-175 meters above sea level on the south bank of the lake, a number of ponds with different sizes and shapes were dug up, with the mud piled up as the base. And a multi-band buffer mode was used for the control of the area 175 meters above sea level. On the north bank of Hanfeng Lake, a restoration optimization model was adopted. In the east of the north bank, there are clumping shrubs in the outer edge, towering trees in the inner edge, and islands of weeds and clusters of Miscanthus floridulus still inside it. From west to east, the north shores form a multi-level biological habitat. Three kinds of governance models have jointly built an ecological lakeshore based on water level changes in Hanfeng Lake. Through the integration of wetland parks and urban construction, Kaizhou District allows “the lake water to flow back into the city”. Running water never becomes putrid, and it not only purifies the city, but also purifies the water body.

The formation of Han Feng Lake, has not only solved the problem of ecological restoration in hydro-fluctuation belts, but also created a new landscape. ( People's Daily)


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In 2008, the Liaoning provincial government shut down more than 400 paper-making enterprises that discharged pollutants to the Liaohe River Basin and required a large number of enterprises to carry out clean production remediation within a time limit. In 2014, China stepped up investment in wetland protection and carried out pilot projects such as returning farmland to wetland, compensating the ecological benefits of wetlands, and awarding wetland protection together with wetland protection and restoration projects.

Liaoning Province carried out the second survey on wetland resources, through which the province's wetland area, type, distribution and other resources status quo were identified, and built the wetland resources attribute database of the province with “3S” technology as platform, which has completed the wetland resources files and provided basis for governments at all levels to formulate wetland protection policies. At the same time, the region also has enhanced the publicity for wetland protection, aiming to improve the whole people’s protection awareness through publicity activities.

At present, the province has set up 2 Wetlands of International Importance, 26 Wetland Protection Zones at all levels, 34 Wetland Parks and 31 Wetlands of Provincial Importance. (


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