The non-governmental cooperation and exchanges on forestry mainly refers the cooperation and exchange of forestry between China and non-governmental organizations (NGO), which was initiated in early 80s of the 20th century and mainly cooperated with World Wildlife Fund, Wetlands International, IUCN, International Union of Forestry Research Organization (IUFRO), IUCN and other organizations. After the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, the international community has initiated an unprecedented "environmental craze". Since the establishment of International Forestry Cooperation Center of Chinese State Forestry Administration (IFCC-SFA), the development of forestry non-governmental international cooperation and exchange has been accelerated, the progress of forestry non-governmental international cooperation and exchange has been enhanced and the areas of cooperation have also been extended from the simple friendly contacts to the academic exchanges and project cooperation, co-sponsored international conference, etc. At present, the State Forestry Administration has established business contacts with more than 30 bilateral and multilateral non-governmental international organizations and institutions, with the cumulative funding of various projects nearly 100 million RMB and over 30 projects are now under implementation.  

Compared with the government international cooperation, the non-governmental cooperation is characterized by the main form of flexibility and diversity, with relatively simple approval procedures and formalities, wide cooperation range of areas and less susceptible to interference. Therefore, strengthening of cooperation with non-governmental channels and making full use of non-governmental sources of funds and technology, have become the focus of the work for many countries, particularly the developing countries.