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URUMQI, March 27 -- The speeding up of pace of the construction of Silk Road Economic Belt , brings opportunities to the development of Xinjiang. But with increasing of neighboring countries trade and personnel exchanges,  pressure and challenges are brought to the implementation of CITES and management of wildlife import and export of Xinjiang. 

Xinjiang not only owns the most abundant wildlife resources in China, but also is the most important import and export channel of wildlife. According to statistics, there are 103 species of protected wild animals and 20 species of protected wild plants , among which,  117 species are included in CITES appendix species, and 3 species are autonomous level protect animals. There are 44 nature reserves, of which 11 National Nature Reserves lie in Xinjiang. Xinjiang has 5600 km border lines with 8 neighbor countries, i.e., Russia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and so on, and has numerous and scattered ports, in which yearly and seasonal open ports are 31.  

Urumqi Office (CITES Urumqi Branch) as the resident agency of SFA, not only is on behalf of China to fulfill the CITES, but also strictly controls the ”Country Gate” of import and export of wild lives". 

In order to strengthen the Xinjiang endangered wildlife management efforts, in August 2012, through the supports of 11 job-related departments in Xinjiang such as Urumqi Customs, Forestry Department, Public Security Department and so on, a Xinjiang Inter-departmental coordination group on CITES law enforcement was set up and led by Urumqi Office of SFA. 

In order to deepen the control of trade of wildlives in Xinjiang and to effectively combat the smuggling of endangered species, and put forward the countermeasures for the import and export of endangered species, since 2015, the 11 members of Xinjiang inter-departmental CITES Law Enforcement Coordination Group have jointly carried out the project “ Impact and countermeasures of the Construction of Silk Road Economic Zone to the import and export of endangered wildlife in Xinjiang”.

The project points a new direction and brings new vitality to wildlife resources conservation and CITES implementation and export and import management of endangered species of Xinjiang.

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