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In Guangxi, the local government has screened out a large number of tree species for afforestation on rockery mountains, explored more than 10 control modes, such as “bamboo + Zenia insignis” and “Zenia insignis + Lonicera japonica”, and set up more than 100 control demonstration units.

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Figure 1 Zenia insignis tree planting mode in Laibin,Guangxi/photo by Wei Jiankang

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Ever since the comprehensive rocky desertification control project for karst areas started in 2008, 1.89 million hectares of forests have been planted, which contributes to the preliminary control in the rocky desertification from previously constant expansion to currently net reduction. According to the monitoring report, by the end of 2011, China recorded a total area of 12.002 million hectares of rocky desertification lands, decreasing by 960,000 hectares from the figure in 2005, with an annual shrinkage of 160,000 hectares and reduction rate at 1.27%.

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Inner Mongolia Hexigten Banner is an animal husbandry banner county located in the northwest of Chifeng and the south margin of Daxinganling Mountains and to the east of Hunshadake Sandy Land. Due to long-term overgrazing, its grasslands suffer productivity decline and serious land degradation. In 2002, the government advocated taking rest gazing and rotation grazing measures in pastoral areas, farming-pastoral areas and conditional areas, subsidizing pastoral household with foods and funds and implementing the rotation grazing zoning project, with the aims to promote vegetation recovery, improve ecological environment and reduce poverty through scientific management and sustainable utilization of grasslands.

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In Hunan province, local governments have constantly innovated the development mode by relying on scientific and technological measures, promoted the successful experience in “afforestation on rockery mountains” in Longhui and integrated rocky desertification control, rural industrial restructuring, new rural construction and poverty alleviation, making preliminary achievements. In Sangzhi County, efforts have been made to develop the characteristic forest industry, including papaya, walnut and Cornus wilsoniana, according to local conditions, design the forest-medicine, forest-fruit and forest-oil afforestation mode, form an industrial chain and then achieve both ecological and economic objectives. In Yongshun County, the rocky desertification and vegetation recovery mode for coniferous and broad-leaved forest mixture, forest-oil integration and forest-chemical integration was developed according to the actual conditions in small watershed. In Dongkou County, the local government has adopted biological control measures dominated by afforestation and closing hill for afforestation, developed scientific and reasonable afforestation modes according to local conditions, created ecological cedar wood and sweetgum mixed forests and paid attention to the development of economic and ecological-economic afforestation modes, such as forest-fruit (e.g. Chinese date, persimmon), forest-medicine (e.g. Cortex magnoliae officinalis), forest-paint, forest-oil, forest-fuel, forest-timber, forest-chemical and forest-bamboo. After years of unremitting efforts, the number of rocky desertification townships (towns) and villages in the county has decreased from originally 501 villages in 15 townships (towns) to 461 villages in 14 townships (towns), the area of rocky desertification sloping farmlands has shrunk by 3,333 hectares, and the area of forest lands has increased to 3333 hectares.

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XINJIANG,Oct.15,China Daily - Agriculture is a fundamental industry for the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and one in which it is a highly competitive player. The XPCC continues to build large-scale modern farms, which in 2013 grew a total of 1.47 million metric tons of cotton, accounting for 23.3 percent of the national total.

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