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Cycas Debaoensis Returing to Nature Project launched by State Forestry Administration in 2007 in Shenzhen has been successfully completed, and Cycas Debaoensis grow healthily in the returning land and completes the whole reproductive process, successfully breeding the next generation. The first project of rare and endangered species of wild plants dominated by Chinese government departments obtained a success.

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Figure 1 Female cones of Cycas Debaoensis

Source: Shenzhen Municipal People's Government Website, June 6, 2014

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Figure 2 Seedlings of the next generation of returning Cycas Debaoensis

Source: Shenzhen Municipal People's Government Website, June 6, 2014

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Figure 3 Male plant flowering of Cycas Debaoensis

Source: Shenzhen Municipal People's Government Website, June 6, 2014

In Cycas Debaoensis Returing to Nature Project, 500 seedlings of Cycas Debaoensis were selected in 2008, and returned to and planted at Guangxi Huanglianshan Nature Reserve, near to its habitat. Currently, the returned Cycases grow well and 281 Cycases are blooming, including 95 Cycas bearing over 20, 000 fruits, with more than 1,000 seedlings of the next generation growing in a natural way.

As an extremely small rare and endangered species of wild plants in China, Cycas Debaoensis is listed among primary national protected plants and mainly distributed in Guangxi. In 10 years after it was found, the number of Cycas Debaoensis in its habitat reduced to about 600 from 2,000.

China attaches great importance to the cycads rescue protection, includes all kinds of the cycads in the list of the first batch of key national protection wild plants. In the course of national wild animal and plant protection and nature reserve construction, the cycads flora has been listed among 15 species to be protected. State Forestry Administration has established China's first national cycad conservation center in Shenzhen Fairy Lake Botanical Garden, and the Center has conducted a systematic investigation and study of Cycas Debaoensis wild resources and habitat, living conditions, main endangering factors and genetic diversity to find out the basic breeding mechanism of Cycas Debaoensis, and made major breakthroughs in breeding and returning to nature.

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