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The State Forestry Administration has 11 departments, namely, the General Office, the Department of Law and Policy, Department of Afforestation and Greening (Office of the National Afforestation and Greening Committee), Department of Forest Resources Management (Office of Timber Industry Management), Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, Department of Rural Forestry Reform and Development, Forest Public Security Bureau (Office of National Forest Fire Prevention Headquarters), Department of Planning and Asset Management, Department of Science and Technology, Department of International Cooperation (Office of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Affairs), and Department of Human Resources.

Main functions and missions of the State Forestry Administration:

1. Responsible for the supervision and administration of national forestry and ecological construction. Drafting policies, principles, development strategies, medium- and long-term plans and relevant laws and regulation on forestry and ecological construction, and supervising their implementation. Formulating department rules, taking part in drafting relevant national standards and norms, and supervising their implementation. Organizing surveys, monitoring and assessment of forest resources, wildlife and plant resources on the land, wetlands and deserts, and issuing in a unified manner relevant information. Undertaking relevant work on ecological construction.

2. Organizing, coordinating, directing and supervising the national afforestation and green work. Formulating national plans for afforestation and greening, formulating relevant national standards and supervising their implementation, guiding the cultivation and planting of various welfare forests and timber forests, directing the work on the prevention of soil and water erosion through afforestation, mountain greening and tree planting, directing and supervising the voluntary tree planting, afforestation and greening work by the masses. Undertaking relevant work in the forestry sector for dealing with climate change. Undertaking specific work of the Office of the National Afforestation and Greening Committee.

3. Assuming the responsibility for the protection, development, supervision and management of forest resources. Organizing to compile and supervising the implementation of national quotas for forest felling, supervising and inspecting forest felling and transport, organizing and guiding the administration of forest land and forest ownership. Organizing to implement the registration and certificate issuing of forest ownership. Formulating plans for the protection and utilization of forest land, and supervising their implementation. Undertaking, as mandated by law, the preliminary examination for the acquisitions and use of forest land, as approved by the State Council. Administering the State-owned forest resources in key forest zones. Undertaking the examination and approval work for the change of ownership over State-owned forest resources in key forest zones.

4. Organizing, coordinating, directing and supervising the protection of wetlands. Formulating national and regional wetland protection plans, formulating national standards and rules for wetland protection, organizing the implementation of wetland protection zones and wetland parks, supervising the rational use of wetlands, and organizing and coordinating the enforcement of relevant international wetlands conventions.

5. Organizing, coordinating, directing and supervising the national prevention and treatment of desertification. Organizing to formulate plans for the construction of protection zones for desertification prevention, taking part in formulating relevant national standards and rules, and supervising their implementation. Supervising the rational use of such land, organizing and directing the examination and approval of construction projects on their impact on land desertification. Organizing and directing the prediction and warning of sandstorms and emergency plans, and organizing and coordinating the enforcement of relevant international conventions on desertification.

6. Organizing and directing the protection and rational use of wildlife and plants on the land. Formulating and adjusting the catalogues of land-based wildlife and plants, and issuing such catalogues after submission to and approval by the State Council, organizing and directing the rescue, breeding, habitat rehabilitation and disease monitoring of land-based wildlife and plants. Supervising the hunting, breeding, captivation, cultivation and rational use of land-based wildlife and plants. Supervising the imports and exports of wildlife and plant. Undertaking the examination and approval for the imports and exports of endangered species and wildlife, precious tree species, precious wild plants and their products under national protection.

7. Responsible for the supervision and management of natural reserves in the forestry sector. Under the setup and planning rules for national nature reserves, guiding the construction and management of natural reserves for forests, wetlands, desert land and land-based wildlife and plants, supervising and managing the safety of forest species and genetically modified organisms, and the protection of new plant species. Organizing the enforcement of relevant international conventions. Undertaking relevant work in the protection of biodiversity.

8. Promoting forest reforms and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of forest farmers. Formulating the collective forest ownership system, important reform plans for key State-owned forest zones and forest farms, and supervising their implementation. Formulating policies and measures for the development of rural forests and the protection of farmers’ rights and interests. Directing and supervising the contracted operation and forest ownership transfers of rural forest land, and directing the settlement of forest ownership disputes and arbitration of disputes on the contracted operation of forest lands. Responsible for the work of restoring farmland to forest land. Directing the construction and management of State-owned forest farms, forest parks and grassroots forest departments.

9. Supervising and inspecting the development and utilization of forests, wetlands, deserts and land-based wildlife and plants resources. Formulating policies on the optimized allocation of forest resources, and in accordance with relevant state rules and regulations, formulating forestry standards and supervising their implementation. Organizing quality control and supervision over forest products, directing the development of overseas forest resources. Directing the overall development of the mountainous regions.

10. Undertaking to organize, coordinate, direct and supervise the national work on forest fire prevention. Organizing, coordinating and directing the armed forest police forces and specialized forest fire brigades in fighting forest fires, and undertaking specific work of Office of National Forest Fire Prevention Headquarters. Responsible for supervision of forest administrative law enforcement, guiding the work of national forest public security, supervising and managing the forest public police forces, directing the investigation into major cases of law violation in the forestry. Directing the prevention, treatment and quarantine of forest diseases and insects.

11. Taking part in making fiscal, financial, price and trade policies for forestry and forest ecological construction. Organizing and directing the ecological compensation system for forestry and its ecological construction. Compiling department budget and organizing its implementation, making budgetary proposals on transfer payments from the central finance to the forestry sector, managing the central forest finance, managing the State-owned assets, making proposals for forest fixed-asset investment and deployment of government finance in the forest industry. In line with the limit of power specified by the State Council, examining and approving fixed-asset investment projects with the government plans and annual plans. Compiling annual production plans for forestry and its ecological construction.

12. Responsible for science and technology, education and foreign affairs in forestry and its ecological construction, and directing the construction of the national forestry human resources.

13. Undertaking other tasks as entrusted by the State Council.

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